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Posted by Tammy Sons on Feb 23, 2022
There exist at least 12,000 different species of the moss plant. Some of them, to mention a few, include the Cushion Moss (Leucobryum Glaucum), Sheet Moss (Hypnum Curvifolium), and the Carpet Moss (Hypnum), amongst others.
These plants are famously described as the species that carpet the forest floors. Mosses are found worldwide, commonly in damp and shady areas, except in areas with salty water.
Mosses in different states are being used for various purposes, based on their ecology, for economic gain. For example, it can be used to release nutrients that are needed by the most complex plants. Other uses include; breaking down exposed substrata, as well as being useful in the nutrient and water economy of some unique vegetation kinds. These plants also aid in soil erosion control and the formation of peat.
Let us look deeper into the uses of this plant in the enhancement of a garden:
One of the purposes of a garden is to support the preservation of water sources and the vegetation around it. Moss gardens attract lush green topiaries and true evergreen ground covers.
Mosses reduce the need for water in a garden and the need for fertilizer in growth. Thus it helps in the conservation effort; since when chemical fertilizers are used, it normally finds its way into the ground and ends up joining the streams of water under it. As you can see, the chemicals pollute water sources and cause harm to surround plants that consume the contaminated water.
The existence of moss, for example, sheet moss, can significantly determine the quality of surrounding air. Mosses plant can help rid the air of common pollutants, including Sulphur dioxide, carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, and CFCs.
Most of these pollutants come from combustion engines in manufacturing industries as well as motor vehicles. Moss growing in your garden means that you are more likely to have cleaner air owing to its air purification characteristic.
If a lawn is made of carpet moss, it does away with the need for maintenance using a gasoline-powered mower because mosses do not have to be mowed. This is helpful because lawnmowers pollute the environment and destabilize moisture levels.
When it comes to indoor gardens, mosses help to regulate the humidity levels in a room at between 40 and 60 percent. Moss can absorb moisture in the air when it is high and release it when it is low.
Viruses like influenza spread more easily when humidity levels drop substantially. During such a time, moss walls can help the indoor spaces maintain humidity levels to the extent that it does not promote the spread of diseases like influenza.
Furthermore, moss also cleans pathogen particles floating in the air, thus protecting humans further from disease-causing micro-organisms.
Moss also prevents erosion of soil from the ground, so the soil is not washed away during heavy rains. Moss uses negligible nutrients, so the soil remains rich in nutrients.
Soil erosion leaves the ground to be very poor in soil nutrition. We see how mosses are very helpful in soil erosion control and preserving the richness of the ground. A moss plant has rhizoids that anchor it to the soil. This anchorage is what helps control soil erosion in areas that are prone to flooding or extreme wind activity.
All the above-mentioned benefits of mosses are what make them an eco-friendly choice for our gardens. The fact that it is low-maintenance and gives back so much more all adds up to a better environment.