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The American Elderberry Tree or Sambucus nigra subsp. Canadensis, called botanically, produces small fruits that grow in clusters similar to grapes.
Elderberry Trees are multi-stemmed shrubs found in the wild in many areas of the United States. Elderberries are used in jams, pies, and wine and are in demand as a medicinal plant since the rich dark purple berries contain more vitamin C than oranges. Both these trees sweetly scented flowers and fruit are edible. In addition, the Elderberry Tree blossoms are perfect for making southern cakes and can be made into champagne. If growing your Elderberry Tree for these purposes, keep in mind that they cross-pollinate, so you will need to have at least two different varieties planted at least 50 feet from each other.
Elderberry trees prefer a sunny location yet will adapt to part shade. This tree grows best in slightly acidic soil that is rich in compost. Ideal planting conditions for Elderberry Trees in loamy, sandy, well-drained soil with some compost added before planting if the earth is lacking. The Elderberry Tree will tolerate having wet roots, so growing in an area that may need help with soil erosion is ideal.
The best way to start your Elderberry Tree is to buy one for a nursery so you can pick varieties that readily cross-pollinate. Plant your Elderberry Tree in the spring when all frost has passed. Dig a large hole, then mix the soil with equal parts of very rotten compost. Plant your Elderberry Tree seedling two inches deeper than the depth of the container. Elderberry Trees s grow from 6-12 feet tall and just as wide, so space the plants 6-10 feet apart.
The Elderberry Tree is a perennial and will start showing berries when it is 2-3 years old. Fertilizing is a must-do with compost. In the spring, you should place two inches of compost in a ring around the tree's base, keeping the compost away from the trunk. The Elderberry Tree has shallow roots that need an inch or two of water per week.
In its third year, you can prune out old branches that are less productive. Prune in the early spring. Elderberry fruit grows on new and old wood; however, the best production occurs on canes one- and two years old, so pruning out older canes will encourage new cane and berry growth.
Elderberry Trees make a nice hedgerow or living fence in your home garden landscape. Elderberries can get fungal diseases, including powdery mildew, leaf spot, and thread blight, so checking your tree to prune out and then burn the infected stems is essential. Neem or Serenade oil is perfect for reducing these issues, so spray it on the Elderberry tree as needed. As a central fruit tree in your home orchard, an Elderberry Tree will produce years of terrific fruit. Its fruits attract birds, keeping them away from your other fruits.
Wine, jam, and pies all year long! You can't go wrong planting an Elderberry Tree.
Posted by Matt Gray on Oct 03, 2022
Very happy. plants arrived well packaged and they are beautiful.
We dig fresh our plants and ship immediately. We ship US Mail, Priority shipping. You will receive a tracking number once your plants ship. All plants will be fine in their packages for up to 3 days after receiving.
We sell only bare root plants. We dip the roots in tera-sorb silicone gel to retain ample moisture for transit and surround with plastic. This is superior protection for plants in transit for up to 12 days.
Open your plants and inspect the same day received. We offer 3 days to report any problems with your order. Bare root plants need to be planted within 2-3 days of receiving unless weather-related problems prohibit planting. Store in a cool place and keep roots moist and covered with plastic until they can be planted. Water for the first week daily after planting.