Water Garden

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Wetland Plant Benefits

Thousands of wetland plants grow in the United States, including many types of mosses, grasses, and other aquatic vegetation. For most people, the appeal of many wetland plants comes from their aesthetically pleasing flowers and growing well in the shade. 

Wetland plants offer much more

They are praised for promoting biodiversity, and they are vital to many ecosystems. Additionally, wetland plants are used for flood mitigation and restoration projects on a larger scale.

 

They are also a popular choice for environmentally conscious gardeners, as they generally require fewer pesticides and fertilizers than many common plants do. Wetlands exist in virtually every biome type, ranging from deserts to the frigid arctic tundra. Therefore, wetland plants are also valued for their versatility, as they make perfect additions to gardens everywhere. Wetland habitats and wetland gardens are widespread in the Southeast, Minnesota, and Wisconsin.

 

Wetland plants fall into three basic categories: submerged, floating, and emergent. Emergent plants include grasses, cattails, and other plants with upright stems that grow along the water's edge. Some of the most popular emergent wetland plants are New England aster, Marsh marigold, and Swamp milkweed.

 

 New England aster is a beautiful flowering plant native to sunny and moist meadows. It has purple flowers that range from light lavender to a dark royal purple.

 

Along with adding beauty to a wetland area, the New England aster attracts pollinators. It's renowned for its late-season bloom, from August through October. The plant reaches a mature height of 3-6 feet.

 

In contrast to New England aster, Marsh marigold blooms earlier in the season. Its striking yellow flowers are the first to appear in the spring. In addition to producing attractive flowers, Marsh marigold helps to clarify water by trapping silt and absorbing nutrients. This plant prefers partially shaded wooded areas and wet soil. 

 

It reaches a height of less than one foot fully grown, thriving in USDA Zones 1-6. Swamp milkweed, a perennial, is used for decorative purposes. It reaches a height of 2-4 feet when fully grown. In the wild, it's a source of food for small animals and pollinators. Swamp milkweed produces beautiful pink-purple flowers with white undertones. It is an excellent companion to monkeyflower. It thrives in USDA Zones 3-9.

 

Wetland plants fall into three basic categories Floating Grasses and Stemmed

 

 

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