River Birch Tree

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Planting Zones 4-9
Bloom Season
Sun And Shade,
November Through April
Height At Maturity
Over 20 Feet
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Shipping Information

We dig fresh our plants and ship immediately. We ship US Mail, Priority shipping. You will receive a tracking number once your plants ship. All plants will be fine in their packages for up to 3 days after receiving.

How We Protect Your Plants For Transit

We sell only bare root plants. We dip the roots in tera-sorb silicone gel to retain ample moisture for transit and surround with plastic. This is superior protection for plants in transit for up to 12 days.

Upon Receipt Of Your Plants

Open your plants and inspect the same day received. We offer 3 days to report any problems with your order. Bare root plants need to be planted within 2-3 days of receiving unless weather-related problems prohibit planting. Store in a cool place and keep roots moist and covered with plastic until they can be planted. Water for the first week daily after planting.

Shipping Dates
Ships November through April


River Birch Tree 


 Maple trees are cherished for their beauty and utility. They’re popular as landscape trees because of their graceful form and rich autumnal hues. These trees have a tendency to grow well when in association with other maple trees, so for an exceptional specimen, you may need to plant two or three of them together. If your soil is rich and has sufficient water, then this would be an excellent choice for a shade tree that needs minimal pruning care.


 The River Birch tree is a deciduous tree and is a member of the Beech family, Fagaceae. It can grow up to 42m tall and reach over 3m.


 River Birch Trees are found in North America in moist soil, along watercourses and riversides. They are most commonly found on the floodplain of such waterways, usually on alluvial sands or clays. The bark has vertical ridges which resemble birch bark, but the tree itself does not belong to the Birch family.


Characteristics River Birch Trees



 River Birch trees have smooth grey bark, which sheds in strips to reveal dark brown wood beneath.


 The River Birch tree has a pyramidal shape, and its branches tend to be horizontal about the parent tree. The mature leaves are arranged in opposite pairs along the branches and are glossy dark green, glossy dark red or glossy dark green, and bright yellow. The young leaves are light green but turn bright red when they mature.


 The River Birch tree can live for hundreds of years, although its average life span is around 500 years.


 River Birch trees have small flowers and have an abridged flowering season which lasts from March to June, depending on latitude and elevation. The flowers are arranged in regular whorls around the stem, and the petals are violet-pink, scarlet, or white with green and hairy styles. The fruit, which turns black when mature, is spherical and is up to 10mm in diameter. The method of pollination is by the wind.


Types of River Birch Trees



 There are two types of River Birch trees, i.e., broad and narrow; The narrow variety has one to three main branches. The wide variety has a much larger canopy.


 River Birch trees have dense clusters of nuts that hang beneath the branches and fall on brutal winters, exposing the nuts to frost damage. The nuts are large and have a creamy white color. They can weigh up to 1 lb. per nut.


 The nutmeat is very edible and covered in downy fur to be eaten along with the kernel. The nuts are often used as food by animals such as squirrels, birds, and chipmunks. Flowering occurs in late winter/early spring, peaking later in the spring than other deciduous trees like the willow and poplar trees, which flower earlier in the season. 

 Like the hickory tree, the river birch produces an edible nut and is a preferred winter food source for many animals. Located just below the growing point of the tree on the ground, it is an easy to access over-winter food source for several species of rodents.


 Humans have used the River Birchwood since early in pre-history. The River Birchwood makes excellent firewood, planks, and living quarters. It is also used as a structural component in construction.

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